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CONGRATULATIONS, NEW MEXICO! We now are the 14th NPV state (15th jurisdiction, incl. D.C.)!

Please thank the bill's legislative sponsors and Governor Michelle Lujan Grisham for signing the bill on April 3, 2019!


"Winner-take-all" in presidential elections

  • The current winner-take-all state laws award all of a participating state's electoral votes to the presidential candidate receiving the most popular votes  in each participating state and the District of Columbia.
  • This means that the popular votes  of American voters living in winner-take-all states (currently 48 states plus DC) do NOT determine the presidential election outcome if they are not part of their particular state's MAJORITY vote, incl. in the so-called "battleground" states. In other words, if the majority vote in your state selects Candidate X (Republican, Democrat, of other party affiliation, or Independent), your own personal vote will not actually officially count if you voted for Candidate Y or anyone else, regardless of the total popular vote outcome across the U.S.
  •  As a result of this highly unfair gap between the country's actual popular vote totals and the election results, five U.S. presidents have been second-placers within the 45 presidents elected so far, and near-misses are also common.
  • But the problem begins long before election night, and continues thereafter, because  presidential candidates (and later presidents) have no reason to pay attention to the concerns and political will of states in which they are safely ahead or hopelessly behind during campaigns (or will be during their, or their hoped-for successor's, future attempts). By dividing the country into battleground and spectator states, the state-based winner-take-all system from the start renders 75% of the participating states politically irrelevant, in other words most of the country. (Click to check the math)
  • The winner-take-all state laws are separate from the Electoral College and not part of the Constitution. These state laws took hold in the 1800s with the rise of the political parties and their increasing self-interests at the expense of American voting rights.


National Popular Vote

  • The National Popular Vote state laws would award all of a participating state's electoral votes to the presidential candidate receiving the most popular votes across all 50 states and the District of Columbia.
  • This means that once the National Popular Vote is fully enacted at the national level, the popular votes of all American voters would determine the presidential election outcome regardless of where they live or how the majority of voters in their state voted.
  • In the process, the National Popular Vote would accomplish three democracy-enhancing goals all at once: (1) It would provide a direct, undistorted correlation between the country's popular vote outcome and the election results. (2) It would make every vote equal nationwide. (3) It would increase the probability of higher voter turnouts nationwide because all votes would count.
  • In addition, the National Popular Vote would keep the Electoral College in place and simply commit the participating states to award their electoral votes in accordance with the total popular votes from all 50 states and DC. No constitutional amendment is needed. (Click to check how it would work)
  • The national threshold for the National Popular Vote-enacting states to reach a majority status in the Electoral College (as the winner-take-all states currently do) is 270 electoral votes. So far, the enacting states hold a combined total of 189 electoral votes from the following participants: CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, HI, IL, MD, MA, NJ, NM, NY, RI, VT, and WA. We are 70 percent there!
  • The momentum now belongs to the National Popular Vote's Most promising remaining states, which consist of eight states where the bill was passed in at least one house during previous years (72 electoral votes) and two more states where the bill was approved by unanimous committee votes (26 electoral votes).


The National Popular Vote is about the structure—the bones—of our democracy and positively impacts a vast array of common-good goals and priorities because they likely will find a much more conducive federal environment under U.S. presidents elected by the majority of citizens.


  • The National Popular Vote is not about the 2016 presidential election. The current effort began in 2005.
  • So far 3,125 bipartisan state legislators have supported the National Popular Vote across all 50 states and DC.
  • At the national level, prominent endorsers of the National Popular Vote concept include Republican Presidents Nixon, Ford, H.W. Bush—and, yes, Trump—as well as nonpartisan national organizations such as the League of Women Voters and the Sierra Club.
  • In fact,  the national League of Women Voters organization has officially declared the National Popular Vote a NATIONAL PRIORITY for LWV chapters across the U.S.

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Additional National Popular Vote-supporting organizations include  the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU); Common Cause; Indivisible;  the American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees (AFSCME); Working Families; the Communication Workers of America (CWA); Fair Elections; and the Public Interest Research Group (PIRG).