National Popular Vote- New Mexico
The National Popular Vote bill is a simple, elegant piece of legislation that uses exactly the same wording for every state and the District of Columbia that already have enacted it into law—or hopefully will do so soon with YOUR support.
The legislative process itself consists of the following steps, most of which you can actively participate in:
1. A state senator or representative introduces the National Popular Vote bill into a legislative session and tries to build enough support for the bill to be scheduled for committee hearings. Your phone calls, emails, and office visits to your own legislators before and during the legislative session will be highly helpful as well.
2. If the bill is scheduled for committee hearings, you can help the bill along by calling, emailing, and visiting the committee members for whom you are a constituent in the days before each committee hearing.
you will be able to show your support during each hearing by way of the sheer number of supporters in attendance, by raising your hand when asked by the committee chair, and by briefly speaking on the bill's behalf if invited to do so.
3. The bill has to be approved by the majority of each committee's members who are present in order to successfully pass. It the bill receives fewer votes than needed, or even if the votes are tied, the bill fails right then and there for that particular legislative period and will have to start over again from scratch next time.
4. If the bill successfully passes all of its scheduled committee hearings in either the state Senate or House, it is voted on by the respective full floor. You will be able to attend again but not show your support in this case.
The bill already exists and is the same for every state that is considering it or already has signed it into law. The states that are still considering the bill have to pass it in both their state Senate and House, which means having it approved by a series of Senate and House committee hearings and finally, if the bill makes it this far, their respective full floor. In the end, after being approved by both the Senate and House floor the bill still has to be signed by the governor in order to become enacted as law. All of these steps have to happen during the same legislative session. If not, the entire process starts over again from scratch. So the bill having passed the NM House in 2009 and later the NM Senate in 2017 is merely interesting in terms of precedence, and gives supporters a certain amount of confidence, but it does not have any legal meaning.